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Psychological Services

What is a School Psychology?

Today's children face more challenges than ever before. School psychologists help children meet these challenges through their specialized training in both psychology and education. They use their training and skills to team with educators, parents and other mental health professionals to ensure that every child learns in a safe, healthy and supportive environment. School psychologists understand school systems, effective teaching and the ingredients for successful learning.

What Do School Psychologists Do?

School psychologists tailor their services to the particular needs of each child and each situation. School psychologists use many different approaches and may play many different roles, but most provide these core services:

Consultation

  • give healthy and effective alternatives to teachers, parents, and administrators about problems in learning and behavior
  • help others understand child development and how it affects learning and behavior
  • strengthen working relationships between educators, parents and community services

 Assessment

  • Use a wide variety of techniques at an individual, group, and systems level to evaluate:
  • academic skills and learning aptitudes             
  • eligibility for special services
  • personality and emotional development            
  • social skills
  • learning environments and school climate

Intervention

  • work face-to-face with children and families                             
  • help solve conflicts and problems in learning and adjustment
  • provide psychological counseling for children and families        
  • provide social skills training, behavior management, and other strategies
  • help families and schools deal with crises such as death, illness or community trauma

 Prevention

  • identify potential learning difficulties                 
  • design programs for children at risk of academic failure
  • provide parents and teachers with the skills to cope with disruptive behavior
  • help foster tolerance, understanding and appreciation of diversity in the school community
  • develop school-wide initiatives to make schools safer and more effective

 Education

  • develop programs on topics such as:
  • teaching and learning strategies                             
  • classroom management techniques
  • substance abuse                                                        
  • crisis management
  • working with students who have disabilities or unusual talents

Health Care Provision

  • collaborate with school and community-based personnel to provide a comprehensive model of school-linked health services
  • work with children and families to provide integrated community services focusing on psychosocial wellness and health-related issues
  • develop partnerships with parents and teachers to create healthy school environments

School psychologists are there to help parents, educators, and the community understand and solve these and many other problems. By dealing with learning problems early on, school psychologists can help prevent further difficulties. They recognize that changes in school and home environments can improve the quality of life for children and family members.                                                                                

Qualifications to practice school psychology

The training requirements to become a school psychologist are a minimum of 60 graduate semester hours including a year-long internship. This training emphasizes preparation in mental health, child development, school organization, learning, behavior and motivation. To work as a school psychologist, one must be certified and/or licensed by the state in which services are provided. School psychologists also may be nationally certified by the National School Psychology Certification Board (NSPCB).

What is Clinical Psychology?

The field of Clinical Psychology integrates science, theory, and practice to understand, predict, and alleviate maladjustment, disability, and discomfort as well as to promote human adaptation, adjustment, and personal development. Clinical Psychology focuses on the intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of human functioning across the life span, in varying cultures, and at all socioeconomic levels

 What Do Clinical Psychologists Do

 The Clinical Psychologist is educated and trained to generate and integrate scientific and professional knowledge and skills so as to further psychological science, the professional practice of psychology, and human welfare. Clinical Psychologists are involved in research, teaching and supervision, program development and evaluation, consultation, public policy, professional practice, and other activities that promote psychological health in individuals, families, groups, and organizations. Their work can range from prevention and early intervention of minor problems of adjustment to dealing with the adjustment and maladjustment of individuals whose disturbance requires then to be institutionalized.

Consultation

Practitioners of Clinical Psychology work directly with individuals at all developmental levels (infants to older adults), as well as groups (families, patients of similar psychopathology, and organizations), using a wide range of assessment and intervention methods to promote mental health and to alleviate discomfort and maladjustment.

Assessment

Clinical Psychology involves determining the nature, causes, and potential effects of personal distress; of personal, social, and work dysfunctions; and the psychological factors associated with physical, behavioral, emotional, nervous, and mental disorders. Examples of assessment procedures include:

  • interviews,
  • behavioral assessments,
  • administration and interpretation of tests of:
    • intellectual abilities,
    • aptitudes,
    • personal characteristics, and
    • other aspects of human experience and behavior relative to disturbance.

Interventions

Clinical Psychology are directed at preventing, treating, and correcting emotional conflicts, personality disturbances, psychopathology, and the skill deficits underlying human distress or dysfunction. Examples of intervention techniques include:

  • psychotherapy,
  • psychoanalysis,
  • behavior therapy,
  • marital and family therapy,
  • group therapy,
  • biofeedback,
  • cognitive retraining and rehabilitation,
  • social learning approaches, and
  • environmental consultation and design.

The goal of intervention is to promote satisfaction, adaptation, social order, and health.




Qualifications to practice clinical Psychology

An earned doctorate from a Clinical Psychology program represents the basic entry level for the provision of Clinical Psychology services. Unique to Clinical Psychology training is the requirement of substantial course work in the areas of personality and psychopathology, resulting in comprehensive understanding of normal and abnormal adjustment and maladjustment across the life span. The American Psychological Association sets the standards for Clinical Psychology graduate programs and recognizes programs meeting these standards through an accreditation process. All states require a license to practice Clinical Psychology. 

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