What is a Speech and Language Pathologist?
The practice of Speech and Language Pathology includes, but is not limited to the following:
- Providing prevention, screening, consultation, assessment and diagnosis, treatment, intervention, management, counseling, and follow-up services for disorders of:
- speech (i.e., phonation, articulation, fluency, resonance, and voice);
- language (i.e., phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatic/social aspects of communication) including comprehension and expression in oral, written, graphic, and manual modalities; language processing; preliteracy and language-based literacy skills, including phonological awareness;
- swallowing or other upper aerodigestive functions such as infant feeding and aeromechanical events (evaluation of esophageal function is for the purpose of referral to medical professionals);
- cognitive aspects of communication (e.g., attention, memory, problem solving, executive functions);
- sensory awareness related to communication, swallowing, or other upper aerodigestive functions.
- Establishing augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) techniques and strategies including developing, selecting, and prescribing of such systems and devices.
- Providing services to individuals with hearing loss and their families/caregivers.
- Selecting, fitting, and establishing effective use of prosthetic/adaptive devices for communication, swallowing, or other upper aerodynamics functions. This does not include sensory devices used by individuals with hearing loss or other auditory perceptual deficits.
- Collaborating in the assessment of central auditory processing disorders and providing intervention where there is evidence of speech, language, and/or other cognitive-communication disorders.
- Educating and counseling individuals, families, co-workers, educators, and other persons in the community regarding acceptance, adaptation, and decisions about communication and swallowing.
- Collaborating with and providing referrals and information to audiologists, educators and health professionals as individual needs dictate.
- Addressing behaviors and environments that affect communication, swallowing, or other upper aerodigestive functions.
- Providing services to modify or enhance communication performance.
- Recognizing the need to provide and appropriately accommodate diagnostic and treatment services to individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds and adjust treatment and assessment services accordingly
- Advocating for individuals through community awareness, education, and training programs to promote and facilitate access to full participation in communication, including the elimination of societal barriers.